Dr. Anthony Atala and his team also grew human vaginas in their lab. These organs were then implanted into four teenagers in Mexico who had a disorder that had caused them to be born without vaginas.
To build the organs, Atala’s team took a small tissue sample from each girl. Then they created a custom biodegradable scaffold and injected it with cells grown from the original tissue samples.
The first of these surgeries was completed in 2005. Follow-ups with the women revealed no long-term complications from the operations. All four women reported normal sexual functioning. However, only two of the women have wombs. It’s unclear whether the remaining two will be able to bear children.